In This Article
Iodine and Breast Health
Studies show that iodine deficiency may increase the risk of breast cancer and fibrocystic breast.
Did you know that there is more iodine stored in the female breast tissue than there is in the thyroid?
Research suggests the reason may be that iodine, which is rare, is essential for brain development in infancy. Storing iodine in the breast may have been an evolutionary safeguard to ensure the delivery of iodine to the infant through breast milk, thus securing the proper brain development of the newborn.
Today, studies are showing that adequate amounts of iodine are essential for breast health, whether a woman plans on breastfeeding or not. Lack of iodine may increase the risk of breast issues, as well as issues related to cognitive function, heart and mental health. (2)
Unfortunately, iodine deficiency is a common issue today. Up to 74% of healthy adults may not get adequate amounts of iodine. (1)
In this newsletter, I want to share some of the new research regarding the link between breast health and iodine, as well as discuss the Ayurvedic perspective on iodine supplementation.
New Findings Link Iodine to Breast Health
Current research suggests that iodine supports breast health in more ways than one:
- Iodine has been shown to offer a powerful anti-oxidant support for the breast tissue equal to that of vitamin C. (3) When the breast tissue is deficient in iodine, there may be an increase in lipid peroxidation (cell damage), one of the first indicators of breast health risk. (4)
- Low iodine levels have been shown to increase the amount of circulating estrogens in the breast. Consequently, iodine-deficient breast tissue has shown an increase of estrogen receptor proteins, making iodine-deficient breasts a target for toxic estrogens and thereby increasing the risk of breast health issues. (5)
- Stress is also a big contributor to the health of the breasts and thyroid. Excess levels of cortisol – a stress hormone – have been linked to a weakened system and breast health issues. Iodine helps support healthy cortisol levels. (6)
- In animal studies, iodine was shown to support protective breast health by 2.5 times. (7)
- At a dose of 3-6 mgs per day, iodine was shown to support healthy breast tissue by 65% as assessed subjectively by the patients and their doctors. (9)
The Japanese Contrast
Because of the high availability of iodine-rich sea vegetables, the traditional Japanese diet is naturally rich in iodine. In fact, consumption of iodine in Japan is 25 times the amount of western consumption. (10) The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) for iodine in the US is 150mcg per day, 15% of one mg. By contrast, the average Japanese consumption of iodine is 6-13 mgs per day, significantly more than we consume in the west. (11)
There may be two major reasons why iodine has become so deficient in the west. First, there has been a significant reduction of salt intake. While iodine is not a natural component of sea salt, it has been added to salt beginning in 1924 to combat an iodine deficiency epidemic that was causing goiters and thyroid issues country-wide, especially in the land-locked areas of the country. This was extremely effective and has been a major source of iodine in America since. However, refined salt has been linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular concerns, and many health-conscious folks have cut this iodized product out of their diet, opting for sea salt instead.
A second major source of iodine since the 1960’s has been commercial breads – in 1960 iodine was added to bread as a dough conditioner. One slice of bread offered 150 mcg of iodine, 100% of the DRI (then called the Recommended Daily Allowance or RDA). In 1980 the iodine was replaced with bromine, which competes with iodine receptors. As a result of these two factors, iodine levels have plummeted by more than 50% in the last 30 years.
The Ayurvedic Perspective
In Ayurveda, iodine is considered to be a natural immune boosting agent for the blood. It was in fact considered an immune boosting medicine in the 1800s. Because of its role in normalizing metabolism via the thyroid, it was used to support balanced weight, mood, and cardiovascular function.
According to Ayurveda, iodine is also a bile thinner and lymph mover. Poor bile flow compromises the natural detoxification pathways as well as the utilization of the good essential fatty acids. As a lymph mover, iodine supports cellular metabolism, and helps the body drain waste and toxins that may accumulate in between cells. These accumulated toxins may be a major contributing factor to histamine reactions to pollens, pollutants, and hard-to-digest foods like wheat and dairy.
Because much of the breast tissue is drained by the lymphatic system, it is important for breast health that the body’s lymphatic flow be optimal. Breast swelling or tenderness around menstruation, as well as other breast issues, may be related to sluggish lymphatic drainage.
Where to Get Iodine Today?
There are plenty of reasons not to go back to iodized table salt and enriched commercial bread, so where does one get iodine today?
Unfortunately, iodine is not available in sufficient quantities in most foods. Sea vegetables such as kombu, also called kelp, may be the most reliable dietary source – although, radiation contamination must be considered.
Experts agree that it is safe to supplement with 3-6 mgs, or 3000-6000 mcg of iodine per day to help support optimal breast health in a toxic environment. (13) Many experts recommend not to take more than 3 mgs per day, which is much more than what is in the average American diet.
Experts believe that an effective iodine supplement should contain both iodine and iodide. Iodine is concentrated in different forms by different tissues of the body. The thyroid and skin concentrate the iodide form and the breast and prostate concentrate the iodine form. If you choose to supplement, look for a product with both iodine and iodide. (14)
The area of breast health is one more addition to the well-documented benefits of iodine. Whether you choose to supplement, or to make sea vegetables a mainstay in your diet, make sure you are getting enough of this rare, essential mineral.
1. Med J Aust. 1999. Nov 1;171(9):476-70 2. Life Extension 2011. Oct; 43-51 3. Med Rev. 2008. Jun. 13(2);116-27 4. Med Rev. 2008. Jun. 13(2);116-27 5. Lancet. 1976. Apr 24; 1(7965): 890-91 6. J Neuroendocrinol. 2000. Dec 12; (12):1149-59 7. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2005. May 31; 236 (1-20) 49-57 8. J Biol Chem. 2006. Jul 14: 281(28):19762-71 9. Can J Surg. 1993. Oct 36; (5):453-60 10. Life Extension 2011. Oct; 43-51 11. Life Extension 2011. Oct; 43-51 12. Brownstein. Iodine. Medical Alternatives Press, 2009 13. Life Extension 2011. Oct; 43-51 14. Brownstein, Iodine. 2009. Med. Alt Press. p.58